Sunday, June 7, 2020


Looks like Rt. ectopic gestation in 5 weeks amennorhoea.
= Pregtest positive
=Thick walled cystic lesion of 2.5 cms.
= plenty of free and organized fluid in cul de sac and surrounding regions
= empty uterine cavity

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Friday, June 5, 2020


Panoramic view of Rt inguino-scrotal-hernia. The lower border of the hernia sac reaches 2.5 cms above the Rt testis. 

Tuesday, June 2, 2020


This article is targeted primarily for the layman as well as at medical students. 
Simple renal cyst also called renal cortical cyst. 
What is it? 
Renal cortical cyst is a sac of clear fluid forming within the cortex or outer part of the kidney. 
Usually the result of obstruction of microscopic renal tubules within the kidney. Exact etiology of cyst of kidney is still unknown. 

Above ultrasound images show a typical cortical cyst in left kidney. 
This cyst of the left kidney is in the upper part and bulging outwards- so called exophytic cyst. 
Prognosis: such renal cortical cysts don't require treatment as such but need to be followed by repeat scan after a few months. If it grows larger- more than 5 cms or gets infected they need surgical treatment. 

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Monday, June 1, 2020


Unusually prominent adenomyotic cyst of myometrium.
Patient had dysmenorrhoea.


The lower limbs veins show pulsatile flow throughout the venous systgem - (in this case it was bilateral). Typical of right heart failure/ CCF.

Normal flow in veins shown below (normal veins in this patient). Mild phasicity is present along with augmentation on valsava manoever.  

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