Tuesday, June 2, 2020


This article is targeted primarily for the layman as well as at medical students. 
Simple renal cyst also called renal cortical cyst. 
What is it? 
Renal cortical cyst is a sac of clear fluid forming within the cortex or outer part of the kidney. 
Usually the result of obstruction of microscopic renal tubules within the kidney. Exact etiology of cyst of kidney is still unknown. 

Above ultrasound images show a typical cortical cyst in left kidney. 
This cyst of the left kidney is in the upper part and bulging outwards- so called exophytic cyst. 
Prognosis: such renal cortical cysts don't require treatment as such but need to be followed by repeat scan after a few months. If it grows larger- more than 5 cms or gets infected they need surgical treatment. 

See more:

Monday, June 1, 2020


Unusually prominent adenomyotic cyst of myometrium.
Patient had dysmenorrhoea.


The lower limbs veins show pulsatile flow throughout the venous systgem - (in this case it was bilateral). Typical of right heart failure/ CCF.

Normal flow in veins shown below (normal veins in this patient). Mild phasicity is present along with augmentation on valsava manoever.  

see more: https://www.ultrasound-images.com/vascular/

Wednesday, May 27, 2020


Left kidney shows a small brightly echogenic rounded mass lesion s/o angiomyolipoma. 

Tuesday, April 21, 2020


A benign condition of the human eye, asteroid hyalosis is formation of particulate matter seen as bright echoes in the vitreous chamber of the eye. 
Mainly this is an ultrasound diagnosis with typical findings on sonography. 
Here's such a case study:

Read all about this strange sounding condition at:

Sunday, March 15, 2020


This 18 year old lady has irregular menses.
Ultrasound shows moderately enlarged ovaries with volume: Rt-- 24 cc. Lt-- 12 cc
Multiple small follicles are present in both ovaries.
3D ultrasound shows both ovaries and the uterus with it's normal endometrium.
PCOD ultrasound images

Sunday, January 26, 2020


This middle-aged woman presented with gynecological complaints. 
But has severe left hydronephrosis!!
3D ultrasound images show the extent of the pathology. 
Moderate right hydronephrosis also. 

Almost 170 cc of residual urine. Suggests she has lower urinary tract obstruction.

Saturday, January 25, 2020


This gallbladder looked ominous with a calculus lodged at the neck of gallbladder. More calculi may be present. 
Vascularity is increased with wall thickening. 
This looks like calculous cholecystitis. But carcinoma of gallbladder cannot be excluded. 

Thursday, January 23, 2020

Saturday, January 18, 2020


Diffuse enlargement of right lobe thyroid due to hashimotos thyroiditis 
Female patient who had swelling over right side of neck. 


AML or angiomyolipoma 
Is usually asymptomatic and an incidental finding. 
Small brightly echogenic mass lesion of kidney 
= usually in renal cortex 
= this patient was a middle-aged female 
= non vascular 
= larger angiomyolipoma can cause severe hematuria (see link below)

Friday, January 17, 2020

Saturday, January 11, 2020


A large cystic complex colloid nodule seen right lobe thyroid. Poorly vascular. Likely benign. Fnac needed to confirm. Smaller solid colloid nodule in isthmus. 


Total occlusion of left popliteal artery. Collaterals seen emerging proximal to occlusion. 
Collaterals supplying left posterior tibial artery and left peroneal artery. 

Markedly dampened tardus parvus flow in posterior tibial, peroneal and dorsalis pedis arteries.